Yoga is not just the physical exercise. To use yoga in therapeutic way one must know that how disease occurs in the body. And to know how disease occurs there is Panchakosha (5-layer) concept. Here I shall start with the concept of Panchakosha.
Panchakosa (Sanskrit: पञ्च कोश; “five sheaths”) from root pancha, “five” + kosha, “body” — is the “five bodies,” or discernible “aspects” of man, arranged successively from the grosser to the increasingly more subtle. There is annamaya-kosha, the kosha of matter, the physical vehicle. There is the pranamaya-kosha, the kosha of prana, the “vital” vehicle. There is manomaya-kosha, the kosha of manas, the mental vehicle. There is the vijnanamaya-kosha, the kosha of vijnana, the vehicle of Higher Reason. There is the anandamaya-kosha, the kosha of anand (joy or Cosmic Consciousness). And when that vehicle is well developed there is that self-realization which involves ultimate experience of Unity with All.
According to yoga cause of disease is stress. After a lot of stress on human it first effects the manomaya-kosha , further it imbalance pranamaya kosha, now this vitiates the Gastro Intestinal system and cause different types of problems in digestion. Finally, the body becomes sick. This is a very brief way flowchart of body from stress to disease. To understand every steps google “IAYT concept of yoga”.
|Annamaya kosha||Matter||Physical||Physical body and senses|
|Pranamaya kosha||Vital Air||Energy||Driving force behind the physical aspect of the senses and the operation of the physical body.|
|Manamaya kosha||Mind||Mental||Processing, reason, logic and emotion.|
|Vijnanamaya kosha||Ego and Intellect||Wisdom||Faculty which discriminates|
|Anandamaya kosha||Center of Conciousness||Bliss||Independent of any reason or stimulus|
The above table is to explain what really the Panchakosha are. The terms Matter, Vital air … etc do not give the exact meaning for the corresponding kosha , however it is the nearest possible meaning giving word.
Here I have made another table for the concept of therapeutic aspect.
|annamaya kosha||Stimulation||Relaxation||Kriya, Aasana, IRT, QRT|
|pranamaya kosha||Speed||Slow down||Pranayam, PET|
|manamaya kosha||Mental agitation||Calm down||Meditation, Tratak, MSRT, MIRT|
|vijnanamaya kosha||Confusion||Wisdom||Jnayana Yoga, Visaak|
|anandamaya kosha||Disharmony of scilence||Silence||ANAaMS(Aananda Amrit Siddhi)|
** For BAMS (Ayurveda) students; In my personal view, as I am also BAMS student, the syllabus of yoga in 2nd prof. must have the therapeutic ideas rather than theoretical. So I request all my friends to give attention about all the yoga practice given in the above table and get acquainted to IAYT concept of yoga too.