These days most of the Ayurvedic talks are related with maintaining or balancing the dosha. And yes it is true that if you are able to balance dosha you can have healthy and happy life. The dosha proportion in different individuals are different. So the same lifestyle and diet for two person may have different effect on them. While balancing dosha we must know two terms viz. Prakriti and Vikriti. Prakriti is the state of normalcy whereas vikriti is opposite to that. In vikriti condition your one or more dosha may increase or decrease. So to maintain dosha first
Vata is the most important among tridoshas. Pitta and kapha are less important. The vata carries them to different places. Like in nature, clouds are moved by wind, similarly vata maves pitta and kapha to move all over the body.
Vata or Vayu is described as Ayu, or life as bala or strength. Prabhu or master and the entire universe itself is travelling under the control of vata. Acharya Charak described Vayu in Charak sutrasthan in 12th chapter in a symposium as Vata.
The reasons behind its important are given below.
These points can also be reffered as vata sworupa or physiology of Vata
All sub-types of Vata can and do cover each other, for a total of 20 types of mutual covering.
Treatment of Blocked sub-vatas and Doshas
|Covering Sub-type||Covered Sub-type||Symptoms||Treatment|
|prana||vyana||vacantness of all senses, diminution of intellect, memory and strength||manage like supraclavicular disorders|
|vyana||prana||excessive sweating, horripilation, skin diseases, numbness in body parts||unctuous purgatives|
|samana||prana||disorders of grahani, sides and heart, and pain in stomach||appetizing ghritas|
|prana||samana||stunning, stammering, dumbness||uncting substances used in 4 ways (intake, massage, snuffing + enema), and also in sustaining enemas.|
|prana||udana||stiffness in head, coryza, difficulty in respiration, cardiac disorder, dryness in mouth||Treatment as in supraclavicular diseases, consoling at the same time.|
|udana||prana||loss of activity, immunity, strength, and complexion or even death.||Sprinkled slowly with cold waters, consoled, and given all comforts.|
|prana||apana||Vomiting, dyspnoea, etc.||Enema, etc. (the 5 karmas?), and carminitive, light diet.|
|apana||prana||Mental confusion, diminution of digestive fire, diarrhoea||Emesis, appetising and astringent diet.|
|vyana||apana||vomiting, tympanitis, usavarta, gulma, distress, cutting pain||Unctuous measures|
|apana||vyana||excessive discharge of stool, urine and semen||Astringent measures|
|samana||vyana||fainting, drowsiness, delirium, malaise, loss of agni, immunity, and strength.||physical exercise and light food|
|udana||vyana||Stiffness, poor digestion, absence of sweating, loss of activity, and closing of eyes.||Wholesome, measured and light food.|
Mastering the information on the above chart on Vata Sub-types will take great skill. The best place for the novice to start may be to memorize the symptoms associated with the various combinations of sub-type coverings. By repeated practice in identifying these combinations, one should eventually become proficient at identifying the workings of the V sub-types directly.
General Treatment for The Vata Sub-types: Udana should be led upwards, apana should be directed downwards, samana should be brought back to the middle [umbilical region] and vyana should be moved in all these three directions. Prana should be protected most carefully, because it’s location in its normal location is essential. Those Vata sub-types dosha which are covered or moving in the wrong course should be brought back to their normal positions.
Importance of Prompt Treatment of Vata sub-type dosha
The wise, in case of a disease, gets relief by external or internal or surgical measures. The childish, due to confusion or carelessness do not know about the emerging disorder in early stage as fools about the enemy. The disorder, though having a minute start, advances afterwards and gradually becoming deep-rooted takes away the strength and life of the foolish one. The fool does not realize till he is afflicted and only then he decides to control the disease. Then he collects son, wife and kin and requests them to bring some physician even at the cost of his entire possession, but who can save him, the devoid of life, weak, afflicted, emaciated, anxious and with the sense organs waned away. Thus not finding a savior that fool leaves his life like an iguana with her tail bound and dragged by a strong person. Hence one, who wishes happiness, should counteract with medicines before the disorder is produced or when it is newly arisen.
Ayurveda is mainly focused in the three great terms viz. Vata, Pitta and Kapha; called Tridosha. These are the great physiological terms so to understand this properly is to understand all about Ayurveda. The general meaning of Vata, Pitta and Kapha may be air, bile and sputum respectively but it’s not that. These terms in Ayurveda has a great significance.
Vata may be understood as nerve force, electro-motor, physical activity or that, which is responsible for motion. It is commonly called air. The root, ‘va’ means to spread. In Western terms, it is the electricity setting the organism into motion, maintaining the equilibrium between Pitta and Kapha (inerts). Vata relates to the nerve-force. It is responsible for all movement in the mind and body. The movement of Vata even regulates the balance of Pitta and Kapha. Pitta relates to internal fire, bile, body heat, digestive enzymes, physio-chemical, biological, metabolic and endocrine systems. It is responsible for digesting the chyle into a protoplasmic substance like sperm and ovum.
Kapha fills the intercellular spaces of the body as connective tissue. Examples of these tissues include mucus, synovial fluid, and tendons. Kapha is responsible for the gross structure of the body (solid and liquid/phlegm-plasma). Each person is made up of a combination of these elements.
Together, the doshas are responsible for catabolic and anabolic metabolism. Catabolism breaks down complex internal bodies, and Vata (air energy) sets this energy free into simpler waste. Anabolism takes food and builds it into more complex bodies. The summit of the metabolic process is protoplasm or essential matter [proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and inorganic salts]. Lifeless food becomes living protoplasm and is set free as useful energy or excess heat or motion that is emitted from the body. Thus, the purpose of the three doshas is to move the lymph chyle (the by-product of digested foods) throughout the body. This nourishes and builds the body tissues. When any or all of the doshas develop imbalance, the body ceases to be nourished, and disease develops.
The three doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) exist throughout the entire body, in every cell, yet are predominant (their sites of origin) in the colon, small intestine, and stomach, respectively. Some authorities say that Vata primarily resides below the navel, Pitta from the navel to the heart, and Kapha, above the heart.
Vata is also found in (governing) the waist, thighs, ear, bones, and skin. Pitta also governs the navel, sweat, lymph, blood, eye, and skin. Kapha additionally controls the chest, throat, head, bone joints, small intestine, plasma, fat, nose, and tongue.
Finally whatever we do to try to understand these three Tridosha; knowledge is still unsatisfactory. Yes of course we can satisfy our knowledge on Ayurveda but wisdom is still lacking. I love this beauty of Ayurveda.
Vata and pitta and Kapha all are of 5 types. They are as follows:
|Types of Vata||Types of Pitta||Types of Kapha|
These five types of each dosha are very important in Ayurveda because Ayurveda is based on the tri-dosha theory. And these are the types of each tridosha.