Sushruta has described it as the first and foremost specialty. Sushruta can be well-defined as the father of not only Indian surgery but of world surgery. He has described various stages (types) of inflammation, accidental wounds, burns, fractures and many major abdominal operations like intestinal—obstruction, stone in the bladder etc., and also specialized surgery like Plastic surgery (Rhinoplasty).
Charak Samhita is one of the great three triads in Ayurveda. It has total of 8 divisions with 120 chapters.
The first division of Charaka’s Samhita is called Sutrasthana. It consists of thirty chapters. So let’s see the medical techniques included in Charak Samhita.
According to Ayurveda, man as a whole lies within the purview of the science. (Aturastu Khalu Karya Desah). Mind and body can both affect each other and they comprise the seat of diseases. Thus the approach of Ayurveda from the very beginning is psychosomatic. Ayurveda has grouped all human beings into seven different types of Prakriti (Constitution) according to the predominance of one or more doshas and has similarly also grouped into seven psychic Prakriti (Temperaments) according to the predominance of psychic Doshas. This factor is always taken into account in diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of diseases.
Sushruta Samhita is great work on surgery communicated by Dhanwantari to his pupils and arranged by the great Rishi Sushruta. Sushruta Samhita is also one of the three great triads (Brihat trayi) in Ayurveda. Rishi Sushruta is also known as father of Surgury. The eight divisions of the original Ayurveda are arranged in the different six division by Sushruta. In this article we discuss not only on surgery , but everything about Sushruta Samhita.
1st. Sutrasthana—Medical doctrine. This book deals with miscellaneous introductory subjects, such as the principles of medicine; the origin of medicine ; the selection, management and the instruction of pupils; their faculties; the first principles and elements of the body; the various forms of diseases and accidents and their treatment; the rules for teaching;
The Ayurvedic Physician has divided a man’s life into periods namely childhood(Kapha), manhood(Pitta) and decrepitude(Old-age)(Vata). Ancient text refer this three as Balya avasta, Madhya avasta and Briddha avastha respectively.
The first extends up to the fifteenth year when phlegm is in excess which is Kapha predominant.
Manhood extends from the sixteenth to the seventieth year while bile is in excess.
Ayurveda believes the treatment has four pillars (Chatushpad of Chikitsa) they are Doctors, Drugs, Medical Attendant and patient himself. Without any one of them treatment is not possible. In todays article post I am just focusing on medicine. While prescribing the medicine , the reaction of medicine, its dose everything are considered by the physician himself. However patient himself must have some idea regarding the Administration of the medicine.Here I have tried to enlist the nine precepts regarding it according to Ayurveda. And also all the Ayurvedic physicians should also pay much attention to the administration of medicines.
The foundation of Ayurveda is based on eight branches (Astanga Ayurveda) and in those one of the divisions is Agadh Tantra. According to Ayurveda classic reference, the detail description about the visha (poision) , its classification and examination, disease caused by it, different treatment principles, preventive measures of poision etc are described under the study of toxin or Agadhtantra.
The word Agadhtantra is derived from the combination of two words- Agada and Tantra.
It is the branch of medicine dealing with the properties (Guna), action (Karma) therapeutic uses of Dravya and also the knowledge of the properties, Karma and action of the drug. This subject also includes identification the drug and source of drug
Rasa Shastra is a branch of Ayurveda Science which deals with the preparation of rasa medicine including different forms of medicine. Rasa here gives the meaning of Mercury (Hg). Parad is Sanskrit name for mercury. Why mercury is called as Rasa is because it has the capacity to form amalgam with other metals. Gold reacts with nothing; however mercury can for an amalgam with gold. Not only with gold, with many other metals on the periodic table, it can form amalgam.
Accumulation stage is first event of pathogenesis (First Kriya kala). Increase of dosha or doshas in their own site is called sanchaya. Aacharya Dalhana defines this as a samhati rupa bridhi or accumulation increase. In this stage a person developes an aversion against the sanchaya karanass of the vitiated dosha. Suppose we have taken a heavy meal, the heaviness of the abdomen and drowsiness are the result of the heavy meal. Naturally, we dislike to take food anymore and in the same way there will be linking towards sanchaya vyatiraka Karanas, i.e. anti sanchaya karana. If the physician is clever enough to identify and treat them at this stage only the vitiated dosha will get subside and no further stages like prakopa, prasara etc. can take place. In short, the identification of Sanchaya is done just by observing the dosha lakshyana in a most primitive manner and slight uneasiness felt by the patient.