Rheumatoid arthritis is described as “Amavata” in Ayurveda. The word ‘Ama’ means undigested, toxic or unwholesome product, which is produced in the body due to weakening of digestive fire. This ‘Ama’ is then carried by vitiated ‘Vata’ and travels throughout the body and accumulates in the joints, which is the seat of ‘Kapha’ (one of the three bodily humors (tridosha) i.e. Vata, Pitta and Kapha). As this process continues, all the joints are gradually affected, which results in severe pain and swelling in the joints. Here, pain is due to vitiated “Vata” swelling due to affected Kapha When ‘Pitta’ also gets aggravated, it causes burning sensation around the joints.
(a) Ayurveda gives ample emphasis on the preventive aspects and helps in promotion and prolongation of a healthy and happy life.- It is said that, “Prevention is better than cure” , Ayurveda totally supports preventive aspect than the curative.
(b) Its approach is Psychosomatic in dealing with healthy and diseased persons. It endeavors to treat man as a whole which is a combination of body, mind and soul.- According to WHO , definition of health , definitely includes mental, and social well being. Happiness is the good combination of body-mind-soul. In fact no medical science can prepare a capsule of happiness. However, Ayurveda does, if you follow the rules of dincharya, ratricharya, ritucharya, you can definitely live healthy and happy life.
Sushruta has described it as the first and foremost specialty. Sushruta can be well-defined as the father of not only Indian surgery but of world surgery. He has described various stages (types) of inflammation, accidental wounds, burns, fractures and many major abdominal operations like intestinal—obstruction, stone in the bladder etc., and also specialized surgery like Plastic surgery (Rhinoplasty).
Charak Samhita is one of the great three triads in Ayurveda. It has total of 8 divisions with 120 chapters.
The first division of Charaka’s Samhita is called Sutrasthana. It consists of thirty chapters. So let’s see the medical techniques included in Charak Samhita.
According to Ayurveda, man as a whole lies within the purview of the science. (Aturastu Khalu Karya Desah). Mind and body can both affect each other and they comprise the seat of diseases. Thus the approach of Ayurveda from the very beginning is psychosomatic. Ayurveda has grouped all human beings into seven different types of Prakriti (Constitution) according to the predominance of one or more doshas and has similarly also grouped into seven psychic Prakriti (Temperaments) according to the predominance of psychic Doshas. This factor is always taken into account in diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of diseases.
Sushruta Samhita is great work on surgery communicated by Dhanwantari to his pupils and arranged by the great Rishi Sushruta. Sushruta Samhita is also one of the three great triads (Brihat trayi) in Ayurveda. Rishi Sushruta is also known as father of Surgury. The eight divisions of the original Ayurveda are arranged in the different six division by Sushruta. In this article we discuss not only on surgery , but everything about Sushruta Samhita.
1st. Sutrasthana—Medical doctrine. This book deals with miscellaneous introductory subjects, such as the principles of medicine; the origin of medicine ; the selection, management and the instruction of pupils; their faculties; the first principles and elements of the body; the various forms of diseases and accidents and their treatment; the rules for teaching;
Beside the knowledge of Tridosha, Ayurvedic medicine and herbs, the ancient Ayurveda scholars have laid down beautiful rules of conduct of a physician towards his patient. If a physician is even insultingly and peevishly addressed by a patient he should remain calm, mild and courageous. He should avoid improper and frivolous language particularly with the females. He should not sit down on the same bed with them.
1. How a physician should take- up a case and examine his patient is thus described -the physician should first ask the attendent questions regarding the disease, things the patient has eaten and what he has done to produce or influence the disease.
The Ayurvedic Physician has divided a man’s life into periods namely childhood(Kapha), manhood(Pitta) and decrepitude(Old-age)(Vata). Ancient text refer this three as Balya avasta, Madhya avasta and Briddha avastha respectively.
The first extends up to the fifteenth year when phlegm is in excess which is Kapha predominant.
Manhood extends from the sixteenth to the seventieth year while bile is in excess.
Ayurveda believes the treatment has four pillars (Chatushpad of Chikitsa) they are Doctors, Drugs, Medical Attendant and patient himself. Without any one of them treatment is not possible. In todays article post I am just focusing on medicine. While prescribing the medicine , the reaction of medicine, its dose everything are considered by the physician himself. However patient himself must have some idea regarding the Administration of the medicine.Here I have tried to enlist the nine precepts regarding it according to Ayurveda. And also all the Ayurvedic physicians should also pay much attention to the administration of medicines.
The “vata” word in aamvata suggest that it is related to vata disorder. And yes, if there is excess Vata in their bodies, they may be very thin, have dry skin, gas, constipation, bone problems, or arthritis. However, vata is not only the cause of Arthritis, it may be pitta and kapha type.
More than 100 types of rheumatic diseases according to modern concept . Causes are attributed to injury, infection, metabolic conditions, or tumors. In many cases the causes remain unknown to western medicine. Some disorders a related to age, gender,
and climactic conditions (i.e., cold or dampness). Áyurveda also cites causes related to digestive disorders.