Ayurveda Herb Abrus precatorius (Gunja)

Abrus precatorius (Gunja) also known as Jequirity, Crab’s Eye, Rosary Pea, John Crow Bead, Precatory bean, Indian Licorice, Akar Saga, Giddee Giddee or Jumbie Bead and raati (for seed)

In short:

Parts used – Root, seed and leaves

Uses – The root, seed and leaves of Gunja is used in the form of powder to treat vabahuka (frozen shoulder), gandamala(scrofula), dental caries, baldness, dandruff, for promoting growth of ear lobes, erysipelas and skin diseases.

Dental caries – Root of gunja made into a paste is applied on affected parts (5-10 gms). It relieves the pain caused by dental caries (RM.5.13)

Dandruff –  Oil cooked with gunja seeds along with bhrngaraja(Eclipta alba) in case of itching, dandruff and other diseases of scalp (10-15 ml)(VM.57.70)

 

Abrus precatorius, whose common names are, Jequirity, Crab’s Eye, Rosary Pea, John Crow Bead, Precatory bean, Indian Licorice, Akar Saga, Giddee Giddee or Jumbie Bead.

This plant is high-climbing, twining, or trailing woody vine with slender herbaceous branches. Leaves alternate, petioled, 5-13 cm (2-5 in) long, even-pinnately compound with 5-15 pairs of leaflets, these oval to oblong, to 1.8 cm (< 1 in) long, with margins entire. Flowers shaped like pea flowers, white to pink or reddish, small, in shortstalked dense clusters at leaf axils. Fruit a short, oblong pod, splitting before falling to reveal 3-8 shiny hard seeds, 6-7 mm (< 1 in) long, scarlet with black bases.

The plant is considered poisonous, particularly the seeds. Hence a process of detoxification is considered absolutely necessary to remove toxicity of seeds. The process involves boiling of pounded seeds in kanji or cow’s milk for 3 hours. Heat-denatured abrin looses its haemagglutinating toxicity. Research groups has done some outstanding research on retention of the immunomodulatory activity of heatdenatured or tryptic-digested abrin, while loosing toxicity. Once again an ancient insight on Abrus precatorius and its usage has been validated by state – of – the – art relevant science. This has been the path of major advances in pharmacology, by studying the mechanisms of action of poisons egergot, calabar beans, curare etc.

 

Dried Leaf of this plant is Anti-spasmodic, Dried Seed is  Anthelmintic, anti-diarrhoeal, and inhibits intestinal motility. Fresh Root are used as Anti-convulsant and  uses as Anti-bacterial, anti-spasmodic, insecticide.

 

In Ayurveda Abrus precatorius is used as following:

Leaf: Alexiteric, astringent, diuretic, emetic, sweet.

Root: Abortifacient, alexiteric, anthelmintic, anti-septic, astringent, diuretic, emetic, sweet.

Seed: Abortifacient, acrid, aphrodisiac, astringent, bitter, febrifuge, purgative, toxic, trichogenous.

 

Traditionally, the seed  of  Abrus precatorius  (ratti) was used to weigh gold, pearls and precious stones.

Ayurvea herb Abelmoschus moschatus (Latakasturika)

Abelmoschus moschatus (Latakasturika), latin: Hibiscus abelmoschus

In short:

Parts used – Root, seed and leaves

Latakasturika is aphrodisiac, digestive, beneficial for eyes, diuretic, relieves thirst, useful in diseases of mouth, and bladder. (Bp. Su.su.46)

Bad breath:Seeds of latakasturika are chewed in case of tastelessnessand bad breath. (5-10 gms)

Respiratory disorders

In case of excessive phlegm in respiratory disorders,

decoction of the seeds are used. (30 gms for decoction)

 

Abelmoschus moschatus is aromatic and medicinal plant in the Malvaceae family. The seeds have a sweet, flowery, heavy fragrance similar to that of musk.

Its different names are Kasturibenda, kasturidana, kadu kasturi, or Kattukasthuri.

The seeds of this medicinal herb are valued for their demulcent, diuretic and stomachic properties. They are served as well as an antiseptic, a stimulant, a tonic, and an aphrodisiac. They are also served as cooling and carminative agents.

The infusion, decoction or tincture of the seeds are used in cases of nervous debility, nervous disorders, and hysteria. The seeds are used as insect-repellant in sachet powders.

The leaves and roots are used as medication for venereal diseases. The yellow portion of the petals is used in myricetin, flavonoids and cannabiscitrin.

The plant is considered to pacify aggravated kapha, bronchitis, asthma, pitta, nausea, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, flatulence, colic, calculi, burning sensation, vomiting, and nervous system disorders in the Ayurvedic treatments.

Herbs can cure eye

Curing eye through Ayurvedic Herbs

Eye is one of the important organs for the perception of vision. Also many people have their beauty in their eyes. Even a minute thing that goes inside an eye makes a lot of trouble. So I have tried to collect some useful herbs for curing in the problem of an eye. Here are these herbs:-

a. Abelmoschus moschatus (Latakasturika)Latakasturika is beneficial for eyes. Parts used – Root, seed and leaves.

b. Achyranthes aspera (Apamarga)-The root, seed and leaf of Apamarga is used in the form of juice and powder to treat eye diseases.

c. Acorus calamus (Vaca)The rhizomes of Vaca is use in the form of powder, paste and decoction to treat eye diseases.

d. Aegle marmelos (Bilva)The fruit, leaves and root of Bilva is used in the form of powder, juice and decoction to treat eye diseases.

e. Azadirachta indica (Nimba)The all parts of Nimba is used in the form of juice and decoction to treat eye diseases.

f. Boerhavia diffusa (Punarnava)Punarnava root powder or the paste removes itching of eye, when taken with milk, honey, ghee respectively,(5-10 gms) (BP.Ci.63.210).

g. Boswellia serrata (Sallaki)The exudates of sallaki mixed with sugar and honey should be applied over to eyes in conjunctivitis (SS.U.10.7)

h. Butea monosperma (Palasa)1. Flowers of Palasa should be rubbed with honey and used as collyrium (SS.U.10.9)

2. Exudates of Palasa or sallaki (Boswellia serrata) mixed with sugar and honey should be used as collyrium (SS.U.10.7)

i. Cyperus rotundus (Mustaka)The rhizomes of Mustaka is used in the form of powder and decoction to treat eye diseases.

j. Emblica officinalis (Amalaki)Powder of amalaki, harethaki (Terminalia chebula) and vibhethaki, (Terminalia bellerica) is used internally and externally in eye diseases.

k. Holostemma ada-kodien (Jivanti)In case of Defects of vision leaves of jivanti is used as a vegetable (SS.U.17.50)

l. Madhuca indica (Madhuka)The Flowers, bark and fruit of Madhuka is used in the form of juice and decoction to treat eye diseases.

m. Piper longum (Pippali)The fruit and root of Pippali is used in the form of powder to treat eye disease.

n. Solanum nigrum (Kakamachi)The whole plant of Kakamachi is used in the form of juice to treat eye-diseases.

o. Strychnos potatorum (Kataka)The seed of kataka is rubbed with honey and mixed with little camphor is applied as collyrium to eyes. It clears eyes (SG.3.13.103)

p. Terminalia bellerica (Bibhitaka)Bibhitaka seed-kernel mixed with honey (and used as collyrium) removes corneal opacity (SS.U.12.31; RM.3.15).

q. Terminalia chebula (Haritaki)The fruits of Haritaki is used in the form powder to treat eye disease.

r. Tinospora cordifolia (Amrita, Guduchi)The stem, root and leaf of Guduchi is used in the form of juice and decoction to treat eye disease.